Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Topic Maps

  • James CaverleeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_904


Topic Maps provide a standardized way to represent and interchange knowledge through the modeling of abstract concepts (called topics), the relationships among topics (called associations), and the connection between abstract concepts and real-world resources (called occurrences). By distinguishing the high-level topic space from real-world resources, Topic Maps may be used both as a semantic map among related concepts (in the topic space) and as a way to describe real-world resources (through occurrence mapping from the topic space into the resource space). Topic Maps have been formally standardized by the international standards body ISO.

Historical Background

The pre-cursors of what are now known as Topic Maps began in the early 1990s with an effort to merge independently created and maintained indexes for information sharing. This early work motivated the need for a more general and more useful knowledge description meta framework. By 1999, the original ISO standard for...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Garshol L. Metadata? Thesauri? Taxonomies? Topic maps! making sense of it all. J Inf Sci. 2004;30(4):378–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    International Organization for Standardization. ISO 13250-2003 Information technology – SBML applications – Topic maps. Available at:http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=38068.
  3. 3.
    Park J, Hunting S. XML topic maps. Boston: Addison-Wesley; 2002.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pepper S. The TAO of topic maps: finding the way in an age of infoglut. In: Proceedings of the XML Europe Conference; 2000.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Manfred Jeusfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.IITUniversity of SkövdeSkövdeSweden