Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu


  • Prasenjit MitraEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_878


Library of congress METS; Metadata encoding and transmission standard


The Library of Congress (LOC) Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) is an XML (Extensible Markup Language) based format used for encoding metadata. The metadata is used to markup digital library objects in a repository or for exchange across repositories. METS is a Digital Library Federation initiative that is a successor to the Making of America II project (MOA2).

Key Points

The MOA2 project attempted to provide encoding formats for descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata for text and image-based documents. (http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/METSOverview.v2.html) The Digital Library Federation (DLF) sponsored the project and the National Endowment for the Humanities funded it. MOA2 involved discussions led by the University of California, Berkeley with participants from New York Public Library and the libraries of Cornell, Penn State, and Stanford universities. The...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Gartner R. METS: Metadata encoding and transmission standard. JISC Techwatch Report. 2002.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guenther R, McCallum S. New metadata standards for digital resources: MODS and METS. Bull Am Soc Inf Sci Technol. 2003;29(2):12–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cundiff MV. An introduction to the metadata encoding and transmission standard (METS). Library Hi Tech. 2004. 22(1):52–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Amr El Abbadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceUC Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA