Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Copyright Issues in Databases

  • Michael W. CarrollEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_875


Intellectual property; License


Copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted by law to authors of original works of authorship. It applies automatically as soon as an original work is created and fixed in a tangible medium of expression, such as when it is stored on a hard disk. Originality requires independent creation by the author and a modicum of creativity. Copyright covers only an author’s original expression. Facts and ideas are not copyrightable. Copyright usually applies only partially to databases. Copyrightable expression usually is found in database structures, such as the selection and arrangement of field names, unless these do not reflect any creativity or are standard within an area of research. Copyright will also apply to creative data, such as photographs or expressive and sufficiently long text entries. By and large, the rule on facts and ideas means that most numerical data, scientific results, other factual data, and short text entries are not...

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Recommended Reading

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    American Dental Association v. Delta Dental Plans Ass’n, 126 F.3d 977 (7th Cir.1997).Google Scholar
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    Assessment Technologies of WI, LLC v. WIRE data, Inc., 350 F.3d 640 (7th Cir. 2003).Google Scholar
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    Bellsouth Advertising & Publishing Corp. v. Donnelly Information Publishing, Inc., 999 F.2d 1436 (11th Cir. 1993) (en banc).Google Scholar
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    CCC Information Services, Inc. v. MacLean Hunter Market Reports, Inc., 44 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 1994).Google Scholar
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    Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co., 499 U.S. 340 (1991).Google Scholar
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    Ginsburg JC. Copyright, common law, and sui generis protection of databases in the United States and abroad. Univ Cinci Law Rev. 1997;66:151–76.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Key Publications, Inc. v. Chinatown Today Publishing Enterprises, Inc., 945 F.2d 509 (2d Cir. 1991).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. v. Intercontinental Exchange, Inc., 497 F.3d 109, (2d Cir. 2007).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Southco, Inc. v. Kanebridge Corp., 390 F.3d 276 (3d Cir. 2004) (en banc).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Villanova University School of LawVillanovaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Amr El Abbadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceUC Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA