Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Geo Raster Data Management

  • Peter BaumannEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_80815


Geo raster data mainly represent measurements – such as satellite imagery – and simulations – such as weather forecasts – which technically represent gridded (“raster”) data. Examples include 1-D sensor timeseries, 2-D x/y satellite imagery, 3-D x/y/ image time series (Fig. 1) and x/y/z geophysical voxel models, and 4-D x/y/z/t weather data. As sensors and computing capacity is increasing, it is getting increasingly inexpensive to obtain such data, and consequently there is a massive increase in both the volume acquired and the speed at which new data arrive. It is fair to say that geo raster data make up for the larger part of the Big Data challenge in the Earth sciences today, but also in geo engineering such as oil/gas/water exploration.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    GeoNetwork. http://geonetwork-opensource.org/, seen on 8 Sep 2014.
  2. 2.
    OPeNDAP. http://www.opendap.org/, seen on 8 Sep 2014.
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Taylor P. OGC WaterML Part 1: Timeseries, version 2.0. OGC document 10-126r4; 2014.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    SciHadoop. https://systems.soe.ucsc.edu/node/517, seen on 8 Sep 2014.
  6. 6.
    Clements O, Walker P. Can EO afford big data – an assessment of the temporal and monetary costs of existing and emerging big data workflows. Vienna: EGU General Assembly; 2014. p. 12816.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mennis J, Viger R, Tomlin CD. Cubic map algebra functions for spatio-temporal analysis. Cartogr Geogr Inf Sci. 2005;32(1):17–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baumann P. OGC web coverage processing service (WCPS) language interface standard, version 1.0. OGC document 08-068r2; 2010.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Baumann P. The OGC web coverage processing service (WCPS) standard. Geoinformatica. 2010;14(4):447–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    ISO. Geographic information – coverage geometry and functions. 19123:2005; 2005.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    OGC. Topic 6 – Schema for coverage geometry and functions, version 7.0. OGC document 07-011; 2007.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Baumann P. OGC coverage implementation schema, version 1.1. OGC document 09-146r6; 2017.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baumann P. Web coverage service (WCS) interface standard – core, version 1.0. OGC document 09-110r4; 2012.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Campalani P, Misev D, Beccati A, Baumann P. Making time just another axis in geospatial services. In: Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning; 2013. p. 133–40.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    OGC standards. http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/, seen on 8 Sep 2014.
  16. 16.
    ISO. Data elements and interchange formats: information interchange: representation of dates and times. 8601:2004(E); 2004.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Campalani P, Beccati A, Mantovani S, Baumann P. Temporal analysis of atmospheric data using open standards. In: Proceedings of the ISPRS Technical Commission IV Symposium; 2014. p. 21–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Baumann P, Feyzabadi S, Jucovschi C. Putting pixels in place: a storage layout language for scientific data. In: Proceedings of the IEEE ICDM Workshop on Spatial and Spatiotemporal Data Mining; 2010. p. 194–201.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dumitru A, Merticariu V, Baumann P. Exploring cloud opportunities from an array database perspective. In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD Workshop on Data Analytics in the Cloud; 2014. p. 1–4.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    PostGIS Raster. http://postgis.net/docs/RT_reference.html, seen on 8 Sep 2014.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jacobs UniversityBremenGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Amarnath Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.San Diego Supercomputer CenterUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA