Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Multilevel Modeling

  • Bernd NeumayrEmail author
  • Christoph G. Schuetz
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_80807


Deep metamodeling; Deep modeling; Multilevel metamodeling


Multilevel modeling extends object-oriented modeling with multiple levels of instantiation as well as deep characterization. As opposed to traditional two-level modeling, multilevel modeling overcomes the strict separation of class and object. The clabject, with class facet and object facet, becomes the central modeling element. Multilevel modeling arranges clabjects in arbitrary-depth hierarchies combining aspects of instantiation and specialization. A clabject not only specifies the schema of its members at the instantiation level immediately below but may also specify the schema of the members of its members, and so forth, at arbitrary instantiation levels below, which is referred to as deep characterization.

Historical Background

In object-oriented modeling, a class describes the common attributes of its many instances. An instance of a class is also referred to as object. A class, however, may itself be...

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Business Informatics – Data and Knowledge EngineeringJohannes Kepler University LinzLinzAustria