Range search; Range selection
Consider a relation R with some numeric attribute A taking values over an (ordered) domain D. A range query retrieves all tuples in R whose attribute A has values in the interval [low, high]. That is, low≤R.A≤high. The range interval may be closed as aforementioned, open (e.g., low<R.A<high), or half-open in either side (e.g., low<R.A≤high). A range query can also be one-sided (e.g., low ≤ R.A retrieves all tuples with R.A value greater or equal to low). When low=high, the range query becomes an equality (or membership) query.
Range queries involve numeric (or numerical) attributes. These are attributes whose domain is totally ordered and thus a query interval (e.g., [low, high]) can be formed. In contrast, attributes whose domain is not naturally ordered are called categorical (or nominal). Range queries correspond to selections and are thus amenable to indexing. The standard access method for a range query on some...