Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Generalization of ACID Properties

  • Brahim MedjahedEmail author
  • Mourad Ouzzani
  • Ahmed K. Elmagarmid
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_736


Advanced transaction models; Extended transaction models


ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability) is a set of properties that guarantee the reliability of database transactions [1]. ACID properties were initially developed with traditional, business-oriented applications (e.g., banking) in mind. Hence, they do not fully support the functional and performance requirements of advanced database applications such as computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, office automation, network management, multidatabases, and mobile databases. For instance, transactions in computer-aided design applications are generally of long duration, and preserving the traditional ACID properties in such transactions would require locking resources for long periods of time. This has led to the generalization of ACID properties as Recovery, Consistency, Visibility, and Permanence. The aim of such generalization is to relax some of the constraints and restrictions...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Gray J, Reuter A. Transaction processing: concepts and techniques. Los Altos: Morgan Kaufmann; 1993.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Elmagarmid AK, editor. Database transaction models for advanced applications. Los Altos: Morgan Kaufmann; 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brahim Medjahed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mourad Ouzzani
    • 3
  • Ahmed K. Elmagarmid
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.The University of Michigan–DearbornDearbornUSA
  2. 2.Purdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  3. 3.Qatar Computing Research Institute, HBKUDohaQatar