Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Distributed Database Systems

  • Kian-Lee TanEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_701


Federated database systems; Heterogeneous distributed database systems; Homogeneous distributed database systems; Multidatabases


A distributed database (DDB) is an integrated collection of databases that is physically distributed across sites in a computer network. A distributed database management system (DDBMS) is the software system that manages a distributed database such that the distribution aspects are transparent to the users. To form a distributed database system (DDBS), the files must be structured, logically interrelated, and physically distributed across multiple sites. In addition, there must be a common interface to access the distributed data.

Historical Background

There are many reasons that motivated DDBS. First, distributed databases reflect organizational structure. In many organizations, the data are naturally distributed across departments/branches where each department/branch maintains its own local data. Moreover, it is not always possible to...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kian-Lee Tan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore