Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Client-Server Architecture

  • M. Tamer ÖzsuEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_664


Client-server DBMS (database management system) refers to an architectural paradigm that separates database functionality between client machines and servers.

Historical Background

The original idea, which is to offload the database management functions to a special server, dates back to the early 1970s [1]. At the time, the computer on which the database system was run was called the database machine, database computer, or backend computer, while the computer that ran the applications was called the host computer. More recent terms for these are the database server and application server, respectively.

The client-server architecture, as it appears today, has become a popular architecture around the beginning of 1990s [2]. Prior to that, the distribution of database functionality assumed that there was no functional difference between the client machines and servers (i.e., an earlier form of today's peer-to-peer architecture). Client-server architectures are believed to be...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Canaday RH, Harrisson RD, Ivie EL, Rydery JL, Wehr LA. A back-end computer for data base management. Commun ACM. 1974;17(10):575–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Orfali R, Harkey D, Edwards J. Essential client/server survival guide. New York: Wiley; 1994.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Özsu MT, Valduriez P. Principles of distributed database systems. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall; 1999.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cheriton School of Computer ScienceUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anastasia Ailamaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Informatique et CommunicationsEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland