Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Logical Database Design: From Conceptual to Logical Schema

  • Alexander BorgidaEmail author
  • Marco A. Casanova
  • Alberto H. F. Laender
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_645


Data model mapping; Logical schema design


Logical database design is the process of transforming (or mapping) a conceptual schema of the application domain into a schema for the data model underlying a particular DBMS, such as the relational or object-oriented data model. This mapping can be understood as the result of trying to achieve two distinct sets of goals: (i) representation goal: preserving the ability to capture and distinguish all valid states of the conceptual schema; (ii) data management goals: addressing issues related to the ease and cost of querying the logical schema, as well as costs of storage and constraint maintenance. This entry focuses mostly on the mapping of (Extended) Entity-Relationship (EER) diagrams to relational databases.

Historical Background

In the beginning, database schema design was driven by analysis of the prior paper or file systems in place in the enterprise. The use of a conceptual schema, in particular Entity Relationship...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Casanova MA, Tucherman L, Laender AHF. On the design and maintenance of optimized relational representations of entity-relationship schemas. Data Knowl Eng. 1993;11(1):1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen PP. The entity-relationship model: toward a unified view of data. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Very Large Data Bases; 1975.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen PP. The entity-relationship model – toward a unified view of data. ACM Trans Database Syst. 1976;1(1):9–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    da Silva AS, Laender AHF, Casanova MA. An approach to maintaining optimized relational representations of entity-relationship schemas. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling; 1996. p. 292–308.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    da Silva AS, Laender AHF, Casanova MA. On the relational representation of complex specialization structures. Inf Syst. 2000;25(6–7):399–415.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Markowitz VM, Shoshani A. Representing extended entity-relationship structures in relational databases: a modular approach. ACM Trans Database Syst. 1992;17(3):423–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Teorey TJ, Yang D, Fry JP. A logical design methodology for relational databases using the extended entity-relationship model. ACM Comput Surv. 1986;18(2):197–222.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Borgida
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marco A. Casanova
    • 2
  • Alberto H. F. Laender
    • 3
  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Federal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Alexander Borgida
    • 1
  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA