Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Triangular Norms

  • Vilém NovákEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_5013




Triangular norms (briefly t-norms) are special binary operations T: [0, 1]2 → [0, 1]. They are interesting for fuzzy logic because they preserve the fundamental properties of the logical conjunction “and” (to hold at the same time), namely commutativity, monotonicity, associativity, and boundedness and thus, they serve as a natural generalization of the classical conjunction in many-valued logical systems.

A concept associated with the t-norm is the triangular conorm (t-conorm) S: [0, 1]2 → [0, 1]. This corresponds to the behaviour of truth values when joined by the logical connective “or.”

Key Points

A t-norm is a binary operation T: [0, 1] 2 → [0, 1] such that the following axioms are satisfied for all a, b, c ∈ [0, 1]:
$$ {\begin{array}{l}\left(\mathrm{commutativity}\right)\qquad \quad a\ \mathbf{T}\ b=b\ \mathbf{T}\ a,\\ {}\left(\mathrm{a}\mathrm{ssociativity}\right)\quad \mathrm{a}\ \mathbf{T}\left(\mathrm{b}\ \mathbf{T}\...
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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Klement EP, Mesiar R, Pap E. Triangular norms. Dordrecht: Kluwer; 2000.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Research and Applications of Fuzzy ModelingUniversity of OstravaOstravaCzech Republic