Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Electronic Health Record

  • Amnon Shabo (Shvo)Email author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_48


EHR; Longitudinal health record; Shared health record; Virtual health record


An electronic health record (EHR) is a standard-based machine-processable information entity consisting of health data pertaining to an individual. It is a result of an exhaustive aggregation of personal health data, which is longitudinal, cross-institutional and multi-modal.

Historical Background

The term “medical record” usually refers to any recording/documentation of medical care or services given to a patient. The use of computerized patient records within healthcare enterprises is already a common and well-appreciated practice that has started about four decades ago [8]. It facilitates the documentation process required for medico-legal reasons and administrative procedures [10]. It also increases the availability of clinical data at the point of care which includes medical history, lab results, diagnostic imaging and so forth. The availability of such data at the point of care could...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of HaifaHaifaIsrael

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vipul Kashyap
    • 1
  1. 1.Director, Clinical ProgramsCIGNA HealthcareBloomfieldUSA