Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Structured Document Retrieval

  • Mounia LalmasEmail author
  • Ricardo Baeza-Yates
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_378


Focused retrieval; Passage retrieval; Querying semi-structured data; Structured text retrieval; XML retrieval


Structured document retrieval is concerned with the retrieval of document fragments. The structure of the document, whether explicitly provided by a mark-up language or derived, is exploited to determine the most relevant document fragments to return as answers to a given query. The identified most relevant document fragments can themselves be used to determine the most relevant documents to return as answers to the given query.

Key Points

The aim of this entry is to clarify different terminologies that have been used to refer to or are strongly related to structured retrieval and semi-structured data.

The term “structured document retrieval,” which was introduced in the early to mid 1990s in the information retrieval community, refers to “passage retrieval” and “structured text retrieval.” In passage retrieval, documents are first decomposed into passages...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Amer-Yahia S, Case P, Rölleke T, Shanmugasundaram J, Weikum G. In Report on the DB/IR panel at SIGMOD 2005. ACM SIGMOD Rec. 2005;34(4):71–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kazai G, Gövert N, Lalmas M, The FN. INEX evaluation initiative. In intelligent search on XML data, applications, languages, models, implementations, and benchmarks. New York: Springer; 2003. p. 279–93.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Trotman A, Geva S, Kamps J. Report on the SIGIR 2007 workshop on focused retrieval. SIGIR Forum. 2007;41(2):97–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yahoo! Inc.LondonUK
  2. 2.NTENTUSA - Univ. Pompeu FabraSpain - Univ. de ChileChile

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jaap Kamps
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands