Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Reference Knowledge

  • Chintan PatelEmail author
  • Chunhua Weng
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_303


Reference knowledge is the knowledge about a particular part of the world in a way that is independent from specific objectives, through a theory of the domain [2]. Different knowledge bases reuse or extend subsets of the reference knowledge for application specific tasks.

Key Points

Developing knowledge bases is a laborious process involving domain experts, knowledge engineers and computer scientists. To minimize this effort, often the core theory and concepts of a given domain are represented in a reference knowledgebase that are reused or extended by other application specific knowledge bases. Consider for example, in the biomedical domain, the Foundational Model of Anatomy [3] is considered a reference knowledge base for representing anatomy terms that can be used for representing the mouse anatomy.

One of the important advantages of using reference knowledge bases is that they provide interoperability [1] across the applications using the knowledge. The applications...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Brinkley J, Suciu D, Detwiler L, Gennari J, Rosse C. A framework for using reference ontologies as a foundation for the semantic web. AMIA Ann Symp Proc. 2006;2006:96–100.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Burgun A. Desiderata for domain reference ontologies in biomedicine. J Biomed Inform. 2003;39(3):307–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rosse C, Mejino J. A reference ontology for biomedical informatics: the foundational model of anatomy. J Biomed Inform. 2003;36(6):478–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vipul Kashyap
    • 1
  1. 1.Director, Clinical ProgramsCIGNA HealthcareBloomfieldUSA