Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu


  • Patrick C. K. HungEmail author
  • Vivying S. Y. Cheng
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_274


Privacy helps to establish personal autonomy and create individualism. Privacy is a state or condition of limited access to a person (e.g., client). In particular, information privacy relates to an individual’s right to determine how, when, and to what extent information about the self will be released to another person or to an organization.

Key Points

With the rising occurrence of information privacy violations, people have begun to take interest in how, when, and where their personal information is being used. People usually interchange the concepts of security with privacy. In fact, they are essentially two different concepts used to protect data. In general, security involves the use of cryptographic tools to protect information in terms of confidentiality, availability, and access control and integrity enforcement. Privacy mainly focuses on the ability of keeping data away from public access, and the way to protect it according to the individual rights.

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Anderson RJ. A security policy model for clinical information systems. In: Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy; the 1996.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Westin A. Privacy and freedom. New York: Atheneum; 1967.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaCanada
  2. 2.Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong KongChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elena Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.DiSTAUniv. of InsubriaVareseItaly