Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Privacy-Enhancing Technologies

  • Simone Fischer-HübnerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_271




Privacy-enhancing technologies (PETs) can be defined as technologies that are enforcing privacy principles in order to protect and enhance the privacy of users of information technology (IT) and/or of individuals about whom personal data are processed (the so-called data subjects). Privacy principles that PETs are enforcing can be derived from internationally acknowledged privacy guidelines or legislation, such as the OECD Privacy Guidelines, the EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC and the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and the proposed General EU Data Protection Regulation. One fundamental privacy principle that serves as the foundation for the privacy-enhancing technologies that are aiming at providing anonymity, pseudonymity, or unobservabilityfor users and/or other data subjects is the privacy principles of data minimization. It requires that the collection of personally identifiable data should be minimized (and if possible avoided),...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Karlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden

Section editors and affiliations

  • Elena Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.DiSTAUniversity of InsubriaVareseItaly