Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Optimistic Replication and Resolution

  • Marc ShapiroEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_258


Asynchronous Replication; Lazy replication; Optimistic replication; Reconciliation-based data replication

The term “optimistic replication” is prevalent in the distributed systems and distributed algorithms literature. The database literature prefers “lazy replication.”


Data replication places physical copies of a shared logical item onto different sites. Optimistic replication (OR) [17] allows a program at some site to read or update the local replica at any time. An update is tentative because it may conflict with a remote update. Such conflicts are resolved after the fact, in the background. Replicas may diverge occasionally but are expected to converge eventually (see “ Eventual Consistency”).

OR avoids the need for distributed coordination prior to using an item. It allows a site to execute even when remote sites have crashed, when network connectivity is poor or expensive, or while disconnected from the network.

The defining characteristic of OR is that any...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inria ParisParisFrance
  2. 2.Sorbonne-Universités-UPMC-LIP6ParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Bettina Kemme
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada