Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Information Foraging

  • Peter PirolliEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_205


Browsing; Information seeking


Information foraging theory [1] provides scientific predictions and explanations of information-seeking behavior in human-computer interaction (HCI). It also provides engineering models for designing and evaluating information systems and their user interfaces. Information foraging theory assumes that people adapt their information-seeking behavior to maximize their rate of gaining useful information to meet their ongoing goals. Specific models of human-information interaction are developed through (i) rational analysis of the structure and constraints of the task environment and information environment that constitute the ultimate forces driving information-seeking behavior and (ii) specification of cognitive models (user knowledge and cognitive processes) that constitute the psychological machinery behind the observed information-seeking behavior of users. Rational analysis draws upon theories and mathematical approaches developed to...

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Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Palo Alto Research CenterPalo AltoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tiziana Catarci
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. di Ingegneria Informatica, Automatica e GestionaleUniversita di RomaRomaItaly