Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Video Metadata

  • Frank NackEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1522


Video annotation; Video content description


Digital video is recorded in two different image capture formats: interlaced and progressive scan. Interlaced video establishes an image by recording alternating sets of lines, where one set of odd or even lines is referred to as a “field,” and a consecutive pairing of two fields of opposite parity is called a frame. In a progressive digital video each frame is recorded in a distinct manner, with both fields being identical. Both operate at the same number of frames per second, which is in NTSC roughly 29 images and in Pal around 25 images per second. As of 2007, the highest resolution demonstrated for digital video generation is 33 megapixels (7680 × 4320) at 60 frames per second (“UHDV”).

Metadata is data about data of any sort in any media, describing an individual datum, content item, or a collection of data including multiple content items. In that way, metadata facilitates the understanding, characterization, use and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Adams B. Mapping the semantic landscape of film: computational extraction of indices through film grammar. PhD thesis, Curtin University of Technology, Perth; 2003.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aguierre Smith TG, Davenport G. The stratification system. a design environment for random access video. In: Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Networking and Operating System Support for Digital Audio and Video; 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Allen JF. Maintaining knowledge about temporal intervals. Commun ACM. 1983;26(11):832–43.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barry B. Mindfull documentary. Massachusetts Institute for Technology. PhD thesis, MIT, Boston; 2005.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davis M. Media streams: representing video for retrieval and repurposing. PhD thesis, MIT, Boston; 1995.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Extensible Markup Language (XML), http://www.w3c.org/XML/.
  7. 7.
    Gregory JR. Some psychological aspects of motion picture montage. PhD University of Illinois, Champaign; 1961.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    ISO MPEG-7 MDS Text of ISO/IEC 15938-5/FCD information technology – multimedia content description interface – Part 5: multimedia description schemes, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11 N4242, 23/10/2001, 2001.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    MPEG-4: ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 N4668 March 2002, http://www.chiariglione.org/mpeg/standards/mpeg-4/mpeg-4.htm.
  10. 10.
    MPEG-21: ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11/N5231 Shanghai, October 2002, http://www.chiariglione.org/mpeg/standards/mpeg-21/mpeg-21.htm.
  11. 11.
    MPEG-7: ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11N6828 Palma de Mallorca, October 2004, http://www.chiariglione.org/mpeg/standards/mpeg-7/mpeg-7.html.
  12. 12.
    Nack F. AUTEUR: the application of video semantics and theme representation in automated video editing. Ph.D. thesis, Lancaster University, Bailrigg; 1996.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nack F, Putz W. Designing annotation before it’s needed. In: Proceedings of the 9th ACM International Conference on Multimedia; 2001. p. 251–60.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Resource description Framework (RDF), http://www.w3c.org/RDF/.
  15. 15.
    Tonomura Y, Akutsu A, Taniguchi Y, Suzuki G. Structured video computing. IEEE MultiMedia. 1994;1(3):34–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Oria
    • 1
  • Shin'ichi Satoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNew Jersey Inst. of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Digital Content and Media Sciences ReseaMultimedia Information Research DivisionNational Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan