Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

History in Temporal Databases

  • Christian S. JensenEmail author
  • Richard T. Snodgrass
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1415


Temporal evolution; Temporal value; Time sequence; Time series


The history of an “object” of the real world or of a database is the temporal representation of that object. Depending on the specific object, one can have attribute histories, entity histories, relationship histories, schema histories, transaction histories, etc.

Key Points

“History” is a general concept, intended in the sense of “train of events connected with a person or thing.”

In the realm of temporal databases, the concept of history is intended to include multiple time dimensions as well as multiple data models. Thus one can have, e.g., valid-time histories, transaction-time histories, and bitemporal histories. Also multi-dimensional histories can be defined from mono-dimensional ones (e.g., a bitemporal history can be seen as the transaction-time history of a valid-time history).

The term “history,” defined formally or informally, has been used in many temporal database papers, also to explain...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Jensen CS, Dyreson CE, editors. A consensus glossary of temporal database concepts – February 1998 version. In: Etzion O, Jajodia S, Sripada S, editors. Temporal databases: research and practice. LNCS, vol. 1399. Berlin: Springer; 1998. p. 367–405.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  3. 3.Dataware VenturesTucsonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Richard T. Snodgrass
    • 1
  • Christian S. Jensen
    • 2
  1. 1.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Aalborg UniversityAalborg ØstDenmark