Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Storage Protection

  • Kazuhisa FujimotoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1343


Data protection


Storage protection is a kind of data protection for data stored in a storage system. The stored data can be lost or becomes inaccessible due to, mainly, a failure in storage component hardware (such as a hard disk drive or controller), a disastrous event, an operator’s mistake, or intentional alteration or erasure of the data.

Storage protection provides the underlying foundation for high availability and disaster recovery.

Historical Background

In 1956, IBM shipped the first commercial storage that had a hard disk drive. To protect data from bit errors on disk platters, the hard disk drive commonly uses cyclic redundancy check (CRC) and an error-correcting code (ECC).

CRC and ECC cannot protect data from a whole disk failure in which an entire disk becomes inaccessible (for example, because of a disk head crash). The IBM 3990, which was shipped in the 1980s, had the replication functionality in which two identical copies of data were maintained on...

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Recommended Reading

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    ANSI. NFPA1600 standard on disaster/emergency management and business continuity programs.Google Scholar
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    BSI. BS25999; business continuity management.Google Scholar
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    Houghton A. Error Coding for Engineers. Hingham: Kluwer Academic Publications; 2001.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Keeton K, Santos C, Beyer D, Chase J, Wilkes J Designing for disasters. In: Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Conferecne on File and Storage Technologies; 2004.Google Scholar
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    Ouchi NK. System for recovering data stored in failed memory unit. US Patent 4,092,732. 1978.Google Scholar
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    Patterson D, Gibson G, Katz R. A case for redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID). In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data; 1988.Google Scholar
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    Sweeney P. Error control coding from theory to practice. New York: Wiley; 2002.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hitachi Ltd.TokyoJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Masaru Kitsuregawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. of Industrial ScienceUniv. of TokyoTokyoJapan