Open Database Connectivity
Open Database Connectivity (ODBC)  is an Application Programming Interface (API) specification to use database management systems (DBMS). The ODBC API is a library of functions for the ODBC-enabled applications to connect any ODBC-driver-available database, execute Structured Query Language (SQL) statements, and retrieve results. ODBC is independent of programming languages, database systems and operating systems.
ODBC (pronounced as separate letters), is a standard database access method developed by the SQL Access Group in 1992. Its objective is to make any application to access any data regardless of the database management systems. To achieve this objective, ODBC inserts a database driver as a middle layer between an application and the DBMS, the purpose of which is to translate the application queries to commands understood by the DBMS. In practice, both the application and the DBMS must be ODBC-compliant; that is, the application must be...
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