Glyphs; Icon; Iconographics
Iconic displays are visualizations that generalize traditional displays (especially scatterplots) where each record, instead of being drawn as a point, is represented by a more general primitive called an icon or glyph. The goals are to harness human perception, especially texture, and to display many more parameters. Whereas a pixel is driven by three data values from some color model (typically red, green, and blue) an icon is a geometric object driven by potentially many values, with some icons displaying over 30. Some icons are drawn using lines, some using colored areas, some move and vibrate, and some even have sound output. Some iconic displays drop the Cartesian base of the underlying display and use alternative layout techniques. However, in all of these, the key defining factor is the representation of a record in a visualization by a very general, most often geometric, primitive, with the goal of producing more...
- 1.Bergeron RD, Grinstein GG. A reference model for scientific visualization. In: Proceedings of the European Computer Graphics Conference and Exhibition; 1989. p. 393–9.Google Scholar
- 2.Bertin J. Semiology of graphics. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press (Original work published in 1967); 1983.Google Scholar
- 6.Gibson JJ. The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin; 1979.Google Scholar
- 7.Grinstein G, Pickett R, Williams MG. EXVIS: an exploratory visualization environment. In: Proceedings of the Graphics Interface; 1989.Google Scholar
- 10.Kindlmann G, Weinstein D, Lee A, Toga A, Thompson P. Visualization of anatomic covariance tensor fields. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society; 2004. p. 1842–5.Google Scholar
- 11.Levkowitz H. Color icons: merging color and texture perception for integrated visualization of multiple parameters. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Visualization; 1991. p. 164–70.Google Scholar
- 12.Perlman J. Visualizing network security events using compound glyphs from a service-oriented perspective. 2007. Available at: http://www.csee.umbc.edu/gavl/theses/jpearlman.pdf.
- 13.Pickett RM, Grinstein GG. Iconographic displays for visualizing multidimensional data. In: Proceedings of the 1988 IEEE Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics; 1988. p. 514–8.Google Scholar
- 15.Pinkney D. Intelligent Iconic Visualization. Ph.D thesis, University of Massachusetts, Lowell. 1997.Google Scholar
- 16.Smith S, Bergeron R, Grinstein G. Stereophonic and surface sound generation for exploratory data analysis. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems; 1990.Google Scholar
- 19.Yang F, Goodell H, Pickett R, Bobrow R, Baumann A, Gee A, Grinstein GG. Data exploration combining kinetic and static visualization displays. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Coordinated & Multiple Views in Exploratory Visualization; 2006. p. 21–30.Google Scholar