Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu


  • Peter M. D. GrayEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1108


At about the same time that Shipman was developing DAPLEX, Buneman and Frankel proposed the highly influential FQL functional query language [1], based on Backus’s FP functional programming paradigm. A major motivation for this work was that it is in principle possible to combine arbitrary computable functions with stored database functions into a functional query language which is not limited to a predefined set of operators.

FQL was intended for implementation over existing DBMSs and an abstract implementation based on the lazy evaluation of stream data was described. In later publications [2, 3], FQL was extended with features from the functional programming language ML. In this version, function definition is simpler than in the variable-free FP-like syntax and new higher-order functions can be defined in addition to the built-in ones. Also a set of built-in metalevel functions is provided, as in EFDM. Thus, object-level querying and meta level querying can be carried...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Buneman P, Frankel RE. FQL – a functional query language. In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data; 1979. p. 52–8.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nikhil R. An incremental, strongly-typed database language. Technical report PhD thesis, University of Pennsylvania, 1984.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nikhil R. Practical polymorphism. In: Proceedings of the Functional Programming and Computer Architecture; 1985. p. 319–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AberdeenAberdeenUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tore Risch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden