Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu


  • Valerie Gouet-BrunetEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1009


Digital image; Graphics; Multimedia; Photograph; Picture; Synthetic image


Image comes from Imago in Latin and designates funeral masks. Philosophically, an image represents the static and eternal double of a volatile or ephemeral reality. More commonly, it is a two-dimensional artifact that either records the visual appearance of physical objects, like photographs, or provides a visual representation of concepts or artificial data, like graphics or synthetic images. Digital images were born in the early 1920s, as a representation of a two-dimensional image using ones and zeros (binary) obtained by digital cameras, scanners or dedicated materials and softwares. They exist in different forms, as illustrated in Fig. 1. Nowadays, digital images are everywhere. They are involved in a large number of leading applications and cover various domains from medicine to video games, including architecture or robotics.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNAM ParisParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Oria
    • 1
  • Shin'ichi Satoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNew Jersey Inst. of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Digital Content and Media Sciences ReseaMultimedia Information Research DivisionNational Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan