Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Multimedia Data

  • Ramesh JainEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1008


Multimodal data


Multimedia in principle means data of more than one medium. It usually refers to data representing multiple types of medium to capture information and experiences related to objects and events. Commonly used forms of data are numbers, alphanumeric, text, images, audio, and video. In common usage, people refer a data set as multimedia only when time-dependent data such as audio and video are involved.

Historical Background

In early stages of computing, the major applications were scientific computations. In these applications, computers dealt with numbers and were programmed to carry out a sequence of calculations to solve a scientific problem. As people realized power of computing, new applications started emerging. Alphanumeric data was the next type of data to be used in different applications. In early days, these applications were mostly related to businesses. These applications were mostly to store large volumes of data to find desired...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Jain R. Experiential computing. Commun ACM. 2003;46(7):48–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kankanhalli MS, Wang J, Jain R. Experiential sampling in multimedia systems. IEEE Trans Multimed. 2006;8(5):937–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rowe L, Jain R. ACM SIGMM retreat report on future directions in multimedia research. ACM Trans Multimed Comput Commun Appl. 2005;1(1):3–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Steinmetz R, Nahrstedt K. Multimedia fundamentals: media coding and content processing (IMSC Press Multimedia series). Prentice Hall; 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vincent Oria
    • 1
  • Shin'ichi Satoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceNew Jersey Inst. of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Digital Content and Media Sciences ReseaMultimedia Information Research DivisionNational Institute of InformaticsTokyoJapan