Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Trial: Implicit Biases

  • Goran DominioniEmail author
  • Alessandro Romano
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_668


A large body of research in implicit social cognition indicates that implicit racial biases affect human decision-making. Building on these findings, legal scholars have explored how and under which circumstances implicit racial biases affect the functioning of trial systems. This entry reviews this literature. First, it provides an overview of the main results of, and methods employed in, studies on implicit racial biases. Second, it reviews the applications of these findings for the study of criminal and employment discrimination trials and the policies that could be implemented to reduce the effect of these biases on the decision-making of the relevant actors. It concludes with some suggestions for further research.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rotterdam Institute of Law and EconomicsErasmus School of LawRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.China-EU School of LawChina University of Political Science and LawBeijingChina