Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Competitive Neutrality

  • Régis LanneauEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_646


The concept of competitive neutrality is not yet a legal concept in most OECD countries; nevertheless, the OECD is pushing for its wider integration. Competitive neutrality is a “regulatory framework (i) within which public and private enterprises face the same set of rules and (ii) where no contact with the state brings competitive advantage to any market participant” (OECD 2009). From an economic point of view, it is providing a narrative through which most public law could be reinterpreted.

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  1. Commonwealth of Australia (1998) Commonwealth competitive neutrality guidelines for managers. Available online: http://archive.treasury.gov.au/documents/274/PDF/cnguide.pdf
  2. European Union (2011) Communication from the Commission on the application of the European Union State aid rules to compensation granted for the provision of services of general economic interest. OJEU C 8 of 11.1.2012, http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2012:008:0004:0014:EN:PDF
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  6. OECD (2009) Policy roundtables, state owned enterprises and the principle of competitive neutrality. Available online: http://www.oecd.org/daf/ca/corporategovernanceofstate-ownedenterprises/50251005.pdf
  7. OECD (2012) Competitive neutrality: maintaining a level playing field between public and private business. Available online: http://www.oecd.org/daf/ca/corporategovernanceofstate-ownedenterprises/50302961.pdf
  8. OECD (2015) Roundtable on competitive neutrality in competition enforcement – note by the European Union, DAF/COMP/WD(2015)31. Available online: http://ec.europa.eu/competition/international/multilateral/2015_june_competitive_neutrality_en.pdf
  9. UNCTAD (2014) UNCTAD research partnership platform: competitive neutrality and its application in selected developing countries. Available online: http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/ditcclpmisc2014d1_en.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law school, CRDPUniversité de Paris NanterreNanterreFrance