Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Panel Data Analysis

  • Aitor CiarretaEmail author
  • María Paz Espinosa
  • Ainhoa Zarraga
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_360


A panel data set is one that follows a given sample of units over time. Thus, panel data analysis refers to econometric tools that deal with the estimation of relationships that combine time series and cross-sectional data. Appropriate estimation methods are discussed depending on the characteristics of the data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aitor Ciarreta
    • 1
    Email author
  • María Paz Espinosa
    • 1
  • Ainhoa Zarraga
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHUBilbaoSpain