Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

European Nationality

  • Paul-Ludwig WeinachtEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_211



European Nationality (EN) is a concept with two meanings: the present legal, political, and cultural reality of the EU (“actual real concept”) and the possible futures of the EU (“target oriented concept”). Both sides of the concept, the “actual real” and “target oriented” ones, are employed in the ongoing process of enlargement and consolidation processes of the 28 (27) EU member states.

An Actual Concept

As an actual conceptof our legal reality, EN means the EU-citizenship which since 1991 is tied to the primary national citizenship of an EU member state as a secondary one. In the treaty of Maastricht, all citizens of EU member states received the status of general and equal EU-citizenship (Art 17 sq EC). It does not replace the national citizenship, who’s lending or withdrawal remains in the sovereignty of member states – however it complements it in several aspects. The EU-citizenship offers firstly the...

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GünterslebenGermany
  2. 2.Würzburg UniversityWürzburgGermany