Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Cortical Maps: Activity-Dependent Development

  • Nicholas SwindaleEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_670-1



The term “cortical map” refers to the existence of a nonrandom relationship between the position of a neuron in the cerebral cortex and the value of some property that can be assigned to it on the basis of physiological or anatomical tests. Typically the property in question is a receptive field parameter of a sensory neuron, e.g., the position in space of the receptive field of a visual sensory neuron, or the color of a stimulus that activates it, but it might also be a projective field, e.g., the position in the body of a muscle or group of muscles activated by neurons in motor cortex, or, more speculatively, some aspect of knowledge or behavior coded for, or produced, by activity in single neurons or groups of neighboring neurons (perhaps as measured by fMRI experiments). A further qualification is that map properties often remain constant in value with depth in the cortex and vary only with lateral...


Spatial Frequency Receptive Field Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Ocular Dominance Ocular Dominance Column 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada