Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Sensory Input to Central Pattern Generators

  • Wolfgang Stein
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_465-3

Synonyms

Definition

A central pattern generator (CPG) is an assembly of neurons (neuronal network) that produces rhythmic activity without requiring phasic input signals and often drives the motor system and rhythmic muscle movements. Sensory feedback to a CPG circuit is the return signal from the sensory system in response to this rhythmic muscle movement, which conveys a continuous measurement of the output behavior to the CPG.

Detailed Description

Individual neural networks, such as CPGs, can generate rhythmic output patterns even in the absence of any phasic input. They drive vital behaviors such as breathing, swallowing, and chewing, as well as locomotion and saccadic eye movements, and often continue to function even in isolated nervous system...

Keywords

Sensory Feedback Motor Pattern Central Pattern Generator Gastric Mill Sensorimotor Interaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Further Reading

  1. Scholarpedia articles on Central Pattern Generators and Sensory FeedbackGoogle Scholar
  2. Periodic Orbits and Dynamical Systems. http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Periodic_orbit
  3. Facebook pages on Central pattern generatorsGoogle Scholar
  4. Wikipedia articles on Central Pattern Generators and FeedbackGoogle Scholar
  5. Locomotion and the Spinal Cord. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_Locomotion

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesIllinois State UniversityNormalUSA