Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining

Living Edition
| Editors: Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne

Social Networking for Open Innovation

  • Milan Stankovic
  • Saman Musacchio
  • Philippe Laublet
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7163-9_342-1

Synonyms

Innovation crowdsourcing platforms; Open innovation social networks; Web problem-solving platforms

Glossary

Open Innovation

A paradigm stating that companies can and should use both external and internal ideas to boost their innovation. This includes both “outside-in” (calling on external knowledge for use internally) and “inside-out” (when unused or under-performing internal knowledge is promoted outside company walls) approaches. The term has been attributed to Henry Chesbrough, professor at the University of California, Berkeley (USA)

Problem Solving on the Web

Using Web user connectivity to collaborate (e.g., the 2009 Polymath Project) or answer open-problem challenges as individuals (e.g., P&G Connect, Innocentive, Hypios)

Crowdsourcing

An approach that involves outsourcing tasks to a distributed group of people, both online or offline. This can involve the mass collaboration of thousands of individuals to accomplish one overall task (e.g., the Galaxy Zoo project, which...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

The work of Milan Stankovic has been partially funded by ANRT (French National Agency for Research and Technology) under the grant number CIFRE N 789/2009.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milan Stankovic
    • 1
  • Saman Musacchio
    • 1
  • Philippe Laublet
    • 1
  1. 1.Université Paris-SorbonneParisFrance