Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining

Living Edition
| Editors: Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne

Plug-and-Play Macroscopes: Network Workbench (NWB), Science of Science Tool (Sci2), and Epidemiology Tool (EpiC)

  • Katy Börner
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7163-9_306-1




From the Greek macros, or “great,” and skopein, or “to observe,” inspired by de Rosnay’s (1975) futurist science writings on macroscope tools

Data Mining

Extracting implicit information using sophisticated data analysis capabilities and statistical algorithms to discover new patterns and correlations in large datasets

Information Visualization

Process of transforming data and information that are not inherently spatial, into a visual form allowing the user to observe and understand the information (source: Gershon and Eick, First Symposium on Information Visualization)


The article features three exemplary tools that use the very same core architecture, i.e., algorithm plugins can be exchanged among the tools.

Network Workbench Tool (NWB)

  • Creation year: 2006.

  • Authors: Primary investigators are Katy Börner, Albert-László...

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Thanks go to the NWB, Sci2, and EpiC teams and particularly to David E. Polley for compiling references and proofreading a draft of the paper. This work is supported in part by the National Science Foundation under IIS- 0513650, SBE-0738111, and IIS-0513650, the National Institutes of Health under RM-07-004 and U01 GM098959, the James S. McDonnell Foundation, the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, and the School of Informatics and Computing both at Indiana University. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.


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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Informatics and Computing, Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science CenterIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vladimir Batagelj
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia