Dendritic computations refer to the ability of individual dendritic branches to perform elementary computations on incoming signals. These computations include addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division and can also take the form of logical operations (e.g., AND, OR, XOR). In this chapter, we discuss evidence regarding the type of computations that have been observed in dendritic branches of multiple neuron types as well as the impact of these computations on the function of neural cells and circuits.
Dendrites are elaborate processes that extend from the cell body of neurons and form the locus of synaptic communication between cells. The biophysical mechanisms that reside in dendrites allow them to locally integrate synaptic inputs in a linear and/or nonlinear manner enabling them to perform different types of computations (London and Häusser 2005;...
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