Antitechnology Movements: Technological Versus Social Innovation
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Public resistance against technological change is a recurrent factor in the history of technological innovation but, today, has become increasingly important. Up to the mid twentieth century, grand technological projects were the prerogative of powerful industrial and military programs that relied on the public’s acquiescence. Today’s world has become more complex and dynamic. Promoters of technological innovations seek to mobilize support from the public, governments, and capital and, frequently, they also have to cope with public resistance. Advocates of technological innovation usually misread the ensuing controversies and regard anti-technology movements as hurdles to progress. They overlook the fact that these controversies carry both a democratic and an innovative potential in themselves as they oblige societies to negotiate choices on socio-technological issues and seek alternative technologies, alternative forms of...
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