Divergent Versus Convergent Thinking

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6616-1_362-2


Key Concepts and Definition of Terms

The concept of divergent and convergent thinking was created by J.P. Guilford to term different types of psychological operations while problem solving (Guilford 1967). Divergent thinking is defined as producing a diverse assortment of appropriate responses to an open-ended question or task in which the product is not completely determined by the information. So, divergent thinking concentrates on generating a large number of alternative responses including original, unexpected, or unusual ideas. Thus, divergent thinking is associated with creativity.

Convergent thinkinginvolves finding only the single correct answer, conventional to a well-defined problem. Many facts or ideas are examined while convergent thinking for their logical validity or in which a set of rules is followed. Convergent...


Divergent Thinking Intelligence Score Activation Likelihood Estimation Convergent Thinking Left Angular Gyrus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Scientific-Research Institute of Physiology and Basic MedicineNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Novosibirsk State Technical UniversityNovosibirskRussia