Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Emotional Control

  • Michelle SkinnerEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_950-2



Emotional control can be thought of as a facet of emotion regulation, but refers primarily to attempts by an individual to manage the generation, experience, or expression of emotion and/or one’s emotional responses (Gross 1999). Emotional control, like emotional expression, is tied the broader context of emotion regulation. Emotional control can occur as part of antecedent-focused regulation prior to generation of emotion or through response-focused regulation after an emotion has been generated (Gross 1998a). Emotional control can refer to the ability to exercise influence over emotion and modulate emotion through the use of cognitive or behavioral strategies (Gross 1998b; Lazarus and Folkman 1984). The ways in which individuals are able to achieve emotional control have implications for health and well-being (Beck 1995; Berg et al. 2009).


Emotional control has varied definitions in literature on stress and coping...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  2. Berg, C. A., Skinner, M. A., & Ko, K. K. (2009). An integrative model of everyday problem solving across the adult life span. In M. C. Smith (Ed.), Handbook of research on adult learning and development (pp. 524–552). Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  3. Gross, J. J. (1998a). Antecedent- and response-focused emotion regulation: Divergent consequences for experience, expression, and physiology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 224–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gross, J. J. (1998b). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, Special Issue: New Directions in Research on Emotion, 2(3), 271–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gross, J. J. (1999). Emotion regulation: Past, present, and future. Cognition & Emotion, 13(5), 551–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gross, J. J. (2002). Emotion regulation: Affective, cognitive, and social consequences. Psychophysiology, 39, 281–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gross, J. J. (Ed.). (2007). Handbook of emotion regulation. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  8. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  9. Oshsner, K. N., & Gross, J. J. (2005). The cognitive control of emotion. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9(5), 242–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Strecher, V. J., & Rosenstock, I. M. (1997). The health belief model. In K. Glanz, F. M. Lewis, & B. K. Rimer (Eds.), Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Deborah J. Wiebe
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychological SciencesUniversity of California, MercedMercedUSA