Bronchitis is a respiratory condition in which there is inflammation of the bronchi and excess mucus secretion in the airway. This excess secretion of mucus often causes a partial obstruction of the bronchi. Bronchitis can either be short lived and self-limiting (acute) or present with a recurrent productive cough (chronic).
Most cases of acute bronchitis are preceded by an acute viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, but bacterial causes are also not uncommon. The most common symptom is a persistent cough accompanied by excessive production of mucus. Other symptoms include headache, chest discomfort, and shortness of breath, which is often made worse with exertion. Because acute bronchitis is generally self-limiting and will subside within 7–10 days, treatment is often supportive and antibiotic treatment is not recommended. Supportive treatment consists of fluids, rest, anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin or acetaminophen,...
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Pulmonary Hypertension Chronic Bronchitis Common Cold Pulmonary Rehabilitation
References and Further Readings
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- Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2016). Advanced health assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (5th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.Google Scholar
- Jarvis, C. (2008). Physical examination and health assessment (5th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Lewis, S. L., Heitkemper, M. M., Dirksen, S. R., O’Brien, P. G., & Bucher, L. (2007). Medical surgical nursing: Assessment and management of clinical problems (7th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.Google Scholar
- West, J. B. (2008). Pulmonary pathophysiology: The essentials (7th ed.). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.Google Scholar