Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Developmental Disabilities

  • Monica DowlingEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_738-2

Synonyms

Definition

Developmental disabilities (DD) is an umbrella term for a group of interrelated, chronic, neurological, or brain-based disorders which are defined as severe, chronic disabilities “attributable to mental and/or physical impairments, manifested before age 22, that result in substantial limitations in three or more areas of major life activities: capacity for independent living, economic self-sufficiency, learning, mobility, receptive and expressive language, self-care, self-direction” (Developmental Disabilities Assistance & Bill of Rights Act of 2000). Low IQ scores are typically associated with DD, but other conditions may impose functional limitations on individuals whose intelligence is at or above average. Sensory impairments are included only as occurring in combination with impairment in intellectual and adaptive functioning. The current conceptualization includes diagnostic classifications of intellectual...

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References and Further Reading

  1. American Academy of Pediatrics, Council on Children with Disabilities. (2006). Identifying infants and young children with developmental disorders in the medical home: An algorithm for developmental surveillance and screening. Pediatrics, 118(1), 405–420. PMID:16818591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baio, J., Wiggins, L., & Christensen, D. L., et al. (2018). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 sites, United States, 2014. MMWR Surveill Summ, 67(No. SS–6), 1–23.  https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6706a1
  3. Bertrand, J. (2009). Interventions for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs): Overview of findings for five innovative research projects. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30(5), 986–1006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boyle, C. A., Boulet, S., Schieve, L. A., Cohen, R. H., Blumberg, S. J., Yeargin-Allsopp, M., Visser, S., & Kogan, M. D. (2011). Trends in the prevalence of developmental disabilities in US children, 1997–2008. Pediatrics, 127(6), 1034–1042.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-2989. PMID:21606152.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Brat, S., & Kooy, R. F. (2015). The GABAA receptor as therapeutic target for neurodevelopmental disorders. Neuron, 86, 1119–1130.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2015.03.042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brosco, J. P., Mattingly, M., & Sanders, L. M. (2006). Impact of specific medical interventions on reducing the prevalence of mental retardation. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 160(3), 302–309.  https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.160.3.302
  7. Buescher, A., Cidav, Z., Knapp, M., & Mandell, D. (2014). Costs of autism spectrum disorders in the United Kingdom and the United States. JAMA Pediatrics, 168, 721–728.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.210.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Gross, S. D. (2010). Late-treated phenylketonuria and partial reversibility of intellectual impairment. Child Development, 81(1), 200–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Houtrow, A. J., Lason, K., Olson, L. M., Newacheck, P. W., & Halfon, N. (2014). Changing trends in childhood disability, 2001–2011. Pediatrics, 134, 530–538.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-0594.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Landa, R. J., & Kalb, L. G. (2012). Long-term outcomes of toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exposed to short-term intervention. Pediatrics, 130, supplement 2S186–supplement 2S190.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-0900Q.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Powell, C. M. (2019). What is newborn screening? North Carolina Medical Journal, 80, 32–36.  https://doi.org/10.18043/ncm.80.1.32
  12. Rogers, S. J., Estes, A., Lord, C., Vismara, L., Winter, J., Fitzpatrick, A., Guo, M., & Dawson, G. (2012). Effects of a brief Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) – Parent-based intervention on toddlers at risk for autism spectrum disoders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51, 1052–1065.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2012.08.003.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Tartaglia, N. R., Hansen, R. L., & Hagerman, R. J. (2007). Advances in genetics. In S. L. Odom, R. H. Horner, M. E. Snell, & J. Blacher (Eds.), Handbook of developmental disabilities (pp. 98–128). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  14. US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. (2013). Tips for early care and education providers. Simple concepts to embed in everyday routines. www.acf.hhs.gov/sits/default/files/ecd/508_tips_for_early_care_and_education_providers_april_2013.pdf
  15. United States 106th Congress. Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000. Public Law 1-6-402. Downloaded from www.aucd.org/docs/urc/dd_act_011907.pdf
  16. Vallianatos, C. N., & Iwase, S. (2015). Disrupted intricacy of histone H3K4 methylation in neurodevelopmental disorders. Epigenomics, 7, 501–517.  https://doi.org/10.2217/epi.15.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Van Naarden Braun, K., Christensen, D., Doernberg, N., Schieve, L., Roce, C., Wiggins, S., et al. (2015). Trends in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, intellectual disability and vision impairment, Metropolitan Atlanta, 1991–2010. PLoS ONE, 10, e0124120.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124120.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Zablotsky, B., Black, L. I., & Blumberg, S. J. (2017). Estimated prevalence of children with diagnosed developmental disabilities following questionnaire changes in the United States, 2014–2016. NCHS Data brief, no 291. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Downloaded from www.cdc.gov/nchs/producats/databriefs.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Alan M. Delamater
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA