Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

National Institute of Mental Health

  • Jennifer PellowskiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_661-2

Basic Information

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) which focuses on clinical research associated with mental illness and behavioral disorders through biological and behavioral perspectives. It focuses on the prevention, recovery, and cures of mental illness and is the nation’s scientific leader in this area.

NIMH was envisioned on July 3, 1946, when President Truman signed the National Mental Health Act. This act acknowledged the plight of World War II soldiers coming back from war with mental illnesses caused or exacerbated by the environmental stress of war. It also recognized that the incidence rate of mental illness in the general population was higher than originally thought. To address this need for psychiatric care, the National Institute of Mental Health was formally established on April 15, 1949.

Since the beginning, NIMH has been at the forefront of mental health research focusing especially on assessing...

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References and Further Readings

  1. National Institute of Mental Health. (2009) A participant’s guide to mental health clinical research. Bethesda: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  2. National Institutes of Health. (1999, September). National Institute of Mental Health: Important events in NIMH history. Retrieved 16 Feb 2011, from NIH 1999 Almanac http://www.nih.gov/about/almanac/archive/1999/organization/nimh/history.html.
  3. National Institutes of Health. (2011, February 11). About NIMH. Retrieved 16 Feb 2011, from National Institute of Mental Health http://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/index.shtml.
  4. Walls, T. (2008, July 31). The National Mental Health Act of 1946 and the establishment of NIMH: Ongoing challenges. Retrieved 16 Feb 2011, from Scattergood Program for the Applied Ethics of Behavioral Health http://www.scattergoodethics.org/?q=node/1146.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral and Social SciencesBrown University School of Public HealthProvidenceUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Steven A. Safren
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA