Stress Vulnerability Models
Vulnerability models are used to identify factors that are causally related to symptom development. Stress vulnerability models describe the relation between stress and the development of (psycho)pathology. They propose an association between (1) latent endogenous vulnerability factors that interact with stress to increase the adverse impact of stressful conditions, (2) environmental factors that influence the onset and course of (psycho)pathology, and (3) protective factors that buffer against or mitigate the effects of stress on pathological responses.
The prevalence of stress-related mental disorders encompassing mood and anxiety disorders in Europe is above 20%. This morbidity is associated with high health-care costs, disability, and potential mortality. It is widely acknowledged that there are individual differences in how stressful people judge a particular event to be as well as in their ability to cope with adverse...
KeywordsGlucocorticoid Receptor Stressful Life Event Mineralocorticoid Receptor Vulnerability Factor Trier Social Stress
References and Further Reading
- Coan, J. A., & Allen, J. J. B. (2003). The state and trait nature of frontal EEG asymmetry in emotion. In K. Hugdahl & R. J. Davidson (Eds.), The asymmetrical brain (pp. 565–616). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Stahl, S. M. (2008). Stahl’s essential psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific basis and practical applications (3rd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar