Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Alcohol Consumption

  • Susan E. CollinsEmail author
  • Megan KirouacEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_626-2

Synonyms

Definition

Alcohol consumption, as the term is used in clinical and research applications, refers to the act of ingesting – typically orally – a beverage containing ethanol. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is the only type of alcohol that is safe for human consumption. Other types of alcohol, such as isopropyl and methyl alcohol, are toxic and potentially lethal. Alcoholic beverages that are typically consumed may include beer, wine, distilled spirits, and beverages that contain combinations of these or other additives, including malt liquor, fortified wine, liqueur, and cordials. In certain populations, nonbeverage alcohol (e.g., hand sanitizer, vanilla extract, cooking wine) may also be consumed.

Description

Relevance to Behavioral Medicine

Alcohol consumption is an important construct in behavioral medicine because alcohol is a psychoactive substance that affects the body in various ways. In addition to its acute effects, it can have longer-term...

Keywords

Alcohol Consumption Behavioral Medicine Standard Drink Blood Alcohol Level Distil Spirit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Further Readings

  1. Babor, T. F., Higgins-Biddle, J. C., Saunders, J. B., & Monteiro, M. G. (1991). The alcohol use disorders identification test: Guidelines for use in primary care (2nd ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  2. Blocker, J. S. (2006). Kaleidoscope in motion: Drinking in the United States, 1400–2000. In M. P. Holt (Ed.), Alcohol: A social and cultural history (pp. 225–240). Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  3. Denning, P., & Little, J. (2012). Practicing harm reduction psychotherapy: An alternative approach to addictions (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Dodgen, C. E., & Shea, W. M. (2000). Clinical pharmacology and clinical epidemiology of psychoactive substances. In Substance use disorders: Assessment and treatment (pp. 1–28). San Diego: Academic.Google Scholar
  5. Edwards, G. (2000). Alcohol: The world’s favorite drug. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  6. First, M. B., Williams, J. B. W., Karg, R. S., & Spitzer, R. L. (2015). Structured clinical interview for DSM-5, research version (SCID-5 for DSM-5, research version; SCID-5-RV). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  7. Gately, I. (2008). Drink: A cultural history of alcohol. New York: Gotham Books.Google Scholar
  8. International Center for Alcohol Policies. (2003). ICAP reports 14: International drinking guidelines. Washington, DC: International Center for Alcohol Policies.Google Scholar
  9. Klingemann, H. K.-H., Sobell, M. B., & Sobell, L. C. (2010). Continuities and changes in self-change research. Addiction, 105, 1510–1518. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02770.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Martin, A. L. (2006). Drinking and alehouses in the diary of an English mercer’s apprentice, 1663–1674. In M. P. Holt (Ed.), Alcohol: A social and cultural history (pp. 93–106). Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  11. Mayfield, D., McLeod, G., & Hall, P. (1974). CAGE questionnaire: Validation of a new alcoholism screening instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 131, 1121–1123.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Molamu, L., & Macdonald, D. (1996). Alcohol abuse among the Basarwa of the Kgalagadi and Ghanzi districts of Botswana. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 3, 145–152.Google Scholar
  13. Morean, M. E., & Corbin, W. R. (2009). Subjective response to alcohol: A critical review of the literature. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 34, 385–395. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01103.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. National Institutes on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse. (2005). Helping patients who drink too much: A clinician’s guide updated (2005th ed.). Bethesda: National Institutes on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse.Google Scholar
  15. Nestler, E. J., & Self, D. W. (2010). Neuropsychiatric aspects of ethanol and other chemical dependencies. In S. C. Yudofsky & R. E. Hales (Eds.), Essentials of neuropsychiatry and behavioral neurosciences (2nd ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
  16. Pandina, R. J., & Johnson, V. L. (2005). Lifespan development and drugs. In R. H. Coombs (Ed.), Addiction counseling review: Preparing for comprehensive, certification and licensing (pp. 105–128). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  17. Schuckit, M. A., & Smith, T. L. (2000). The relationships of a family history of alcohol dependence, a low level of response to alcohol and six domains of life functioning to the development of alcohol use disorders. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61, 827–835.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Selzer, M. L. (1971). The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST): The quest for a new diagnostic instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 1653–1658.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Shuckit, M. A. (2000). Drug and alcohol abuse: A clinical guide to diagnosis and treatment (5th ed.). New York: Kluwer/Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sobell, L. C., & Sobell, M. B. (1992). Timeline followback: A technique for assessing self-reported ethanol consumption. In J. Allen & R. Z. Litten (Eds.), Measuring alcohol consumption: Psychosocial and biological methods (pp. 41–72). Totowa: Humana Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. US Department of Agriculture, & US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Dietary guidelines for Americans, 2010 (7th ed.). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  22. Warner, E. A., & Sharma, N. (2009). Laboratory diagnosis. In R. K. Ries, S. C. Miller, D. A. Fiellin, & R. Saitz (Eds.), Principles of addiction medicine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  23. WHO. (1990). Composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
  24. WHO. (2014). Global status report on alcohol 2014. Geneva: WHO. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/112736/1/9789240692763_eng.pdf.Google Scholar
  25. Winger, G., Woods, J. H., & Hofmann, F. G. (2004). Depressants of the central nervous system: Alcohol, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines. In G. Winger, J. H. Woods, & F. G. Hofmann (Eds.), A handbook on drug and alcohol abuse: The biomedical aspects (4th ed., pp. 55–80). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Zakhari, S. (2006). Overview: How is alcohol metabolized by the body? Alcohol Research & Health, 29, 245–254.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Washington, Harborview Medical CenterSeattleUSA