Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Coronary Heart Disease

  • William WhangEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_396-2

Synonyms

Definition

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition in which the arteries that supply the cardiac muscle, the coronary arteries, develop reduced luminal size due to the presence of atherosclerosis.

Description

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition in which the arteries that supply the cardiac muscle, the coronary arteries, develop reduced luminal size due to the presence of atherosclerosis (Antman et al. 2008). Atherosclerosis is a progressive condition that starts as fatty streaks and may result in plaque development and ultimately in flow-limiting narrowing or occlusion of coronary arteries. The clinical manifestations of CHD include conditions such as angina, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. Angina, or chest discomfort, develops due to an imbalance between myocardial oxygen demand and the available blood supply. In myocardial infarction, plaque rupture and clot formation at the site of rupture result in occlusion of the artery and...

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References and Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of CardiologyColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Linda C. Baumann
    • 1
  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA