Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_38-2



In contrast to emotion, mood is defined as a transient, low-intensity, nonspecific, and subtle affective state that often has no definite cause. Along with all the transient affective states of everyday life, mood also includes low-activation, low-energy states such as fatigue or serenity. Although the terms mood and affect are often used synonymously, affect is more of an umbrella term that includes both emotions and moods. Mood states are short-term and transient affective states, whereas stable, long-term individual differences in the tendency to experience a certain mood state are defined as affective traits. Affective traits can be differentiated from temperamentsin that they are broader, more general, dispositional constructs, which combine several affective traits and cognitive or behavioral characteristics. Furthermore, the concept of affective traits, in contrast to the concept of temperaments, does not include any...


Affective State Mood State Negative Mood Positive Mood Ecological Momentary Assessment 
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References and Futher Readings

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyPhilipps UniversityMarburgGermany