Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Research to Practice Translation

  • Bonnie Spring
  • Angela Fidler Pfammatter
  • Sara A. Hoffman
  • Jennifer L. Warnick
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_213-3



Research to practice translation is the process of adapting principles and findings from scientific investigation in order to apply them in real-world practice (Sung et al. 2003; Woolf 2008). The translational process typically proceeds through a series of phases: T1 (translation of fundamental research findings to develop new practical applications), T2 (adaptation of efficacious treatments into a form that is effective in usual practice settings), and T3 (dissemination and implementation of research-tested interventions so that they are taken up widely by care systems and become usual practice). Although T1, T2, and T3 are all part of research to practice translation, the phrase connotes an emphasis on the later stages, particularly T3. The problem addressed is the slow and incomplete uptake of scientific discoveries into clinical and public health practice. Barriers that impede...

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References and Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Preventive MedicineFeinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Northwestern University, Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Northwestern University, Feinberg School of MedicineEvanstonUSA
  4. 4.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Frank J. Penedo
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Medical Social Sciences, Psychology and Psychiatry & Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA