Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Psychosocial Factors and Traumatic Events

  • Shin-Ichi SuzukiEmail author
  • Yuko Yanai
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_1716-2



Psychosocial factors are influences that affect a person psychologically or socially. There are multidimensional constructs encompassing several domains such as mood status (anxiety, depression, distress, and positive affect), cognitive behavioral responses (satisfaction, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and locus of control), and social factors (socioeconomic status, education, employment, religion, ethnicity, family, physical attributes, locality, relationships with others, changes in personal roles, and status).


Psychosocial Factors in Everyday Life

Psychosocial factors and influences differ across individuals and may contribute to the development or aggravation of mental and physical disorders. Previous studies have indicated that depression, anxiety, hostility, social isolation and lack of social support, work-related stress, and behavioral escape-avoidance coping were associated with...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Bernard, L. B. (1988). Health psychology: A psychosocial perspective. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Bromet, E. J., Havenaar, M., & Guey, L. T. (2011). A 25 year retrospective review of the psychological consequences of the Chernobyl accident. Clinical Oncology, 23, 297–305.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Davison, L. M., Weiss, L., O’Keefe, M., & Baum, A. (1991). Acute stressors and chronic stress at Three Mile Island. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 4, 481–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hemingway, H., & Marmot, M. (1999). Psychosocial factors in the aetiology and prognosis of coronary heart disease: Systematic review of prospective cohort studies. British Medical Journal, 318, 1460–1467.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Kukihara, H., Yamawaki, N., Uchiyama, K., Arai, S., & Horikawa, E. (2014). Trauma, depression and resiliene of earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster survivors of Hirono, Fukushima, Japan. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 68, 524–533.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Meltzer, H., Gill, B., & Petticrew, M. (1995). The prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among adults living in private households, OPCS surveys of psychiatric morbidity, report 1. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  7. Ormel, J., Von Korff, M., Oldehinkel, T., Simon, G., Tiemens, B. G., & Ustrun, T. B. (1999). Onset of disability in depressed and non-depressed primary care patients. Psychological Medicine, 29, 847–853.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Rozanski, A., Blumenthal, J. A., & Kaplan, J. (1999). Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy. Circulation, 99, 2192–2217.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Sugimoto, T., Umeda, M., Shinozaki, T., Naruse, T., & Miyamoto, Y. (2015). Sources of perceived social support associated with reduced psychological distress at 1 year after the great East Japan earthquake: Nationwide cross-sectional survey in 2012. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 69, 580–586.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Human SciencesGraduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda UniversityTokorozawa-shiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Psycho-OncologyNational Cancer Center JapanChuo-kuJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • J. Rick Turner
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Communications, QuintilesDurhamUSA