Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a classification of psychotherapies which integrate cognitive and behavioral theories and methods. CBT approaches share fundamental assumptions that cognitions mediate situational responses, that changes in cognitive activity can affect therapeutic changes in emotions and behaviors, and that maladaptive behaviors can be extinguished or reshaped, with new skills learned through practice and reinforcement.
Brief History of CBT
CBT interventions represent an integration of behavioral and cognitive theories and methods. Behavior therapy emerged in the 1950s and 1960s through research on clinical applications of classical and operant conditioning theories (e.g., systematic desensitization; Eysenck 1966; Wolpe 1958). Behavior therapy emphasizes the primacy of behaviors, and radical behaviorists view thoughts as a type of internal behavior. The primacy of thoughts in shaping situational responses...
References and Further Reading
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- Seyffert, M., Lagisetty, P., Landgraf, J., Chopra, V., Pfeiffer, P. N., Conte, M. L., & Rogers, M. A. (2016). Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy to treat insomnia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One, 11. e0149139Google Scholar
- Stagl, J. M., Bouchard, L. C., Lechner, S. C., Blomber, B. B., Gudenkauf, L. M., Jutagir, D. R., Gluck, S., Derhagopian, R. P., Carver, C. S., & Antoni, M. H. (2015). Long-term psychological benefits of cognitive-behavioral stress management for women with breast cancer: 11-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Cancer, 121, 1873–1881.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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