Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Chronic Disease Management

  • Lara TraegerEmail author
  • Emily M. Wright
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_164-2



Chronic disease management refers to a variety of models to improve patient care for individuals affected by chronic disease.


Chronic diseases typically require ongoing medical care and may limit activities of daily living. Examples include diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases, mood disorders, and asthma. Chronic diseases impact all countries, with increasing prevalence due to several factors (e.g., increased life expectancy, treatment advances, and changes in lifestyle behaviors; Bauer et al. 2014). In the USA, approximately half of the population is living with at least one chronic disease. More than one in four Americans have multiple concurrent chronic conditions, and various subgroups, including people of racial and/or ethnic minority groups and low socioeconomic status, are often disproportionately affected by these conditions (Ward et al. 2014). Historically, primary care practices were designed for the...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Bauer, U. E., Briss, P. A., Goodman, R. A., & Bowman, B. A. (2014). Prevention of chronic disease in the 21st century: Elimination of the leading preventable causes of premature death and disability in the USA. The Lancet, 384, 45–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chouvarda, I. G., Goulis, D. G., Lambrinoudaki, I., & Maglaveras, N. (2015). Connected health and integrated care: Toward new models for chronic disease management. Maturitas, 82, 22–27.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kim, H., Cho, J., & Yoon, K. (2015). New directions in chronic disease management. Endocrinology and Metabolism, 30, 159–166.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Parekh, A. K., Kronick, R., & Tavenner, M. (2014). Optimizing health for persons with multiple chronic conditions. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 312, 1199–1200.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Singh, D. (2008). How can chronic disease management programmes operate across care settings and providers? Copenhagen: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  6. Ward, B. W., Schillar, J. S., & Goodman, R. A. (2014). Multiple chronic conditions among US adults: A 2012 update. Preventing Chronic Disease, 11, E62.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Behavioral Medicine ServiceMassachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Frank J. Penedo
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Medical Social Sciences, Psychology and Psychiatry & Behavioral SciencesNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA