Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Preventive Care

  • Shannon IdzikEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_136-2



Preventive care is the segment of health care that strives to prevent mental and physical illness. Many members of the health care team partner together to achieve proper preventive care. Preventive care is divided into three levels of care: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention.


Primary preventive care is the prevention of disease in a susceptible population through health promotion, education, and protective efforts. Ensuring adequate nutrition, advising patients about skin protection from ultraviolet radiation, educating about seat belt use, promoting safe home and work environments, prescribing oral fluoride supplementation in children with fluoride-deficient water, and administering immunizations are all examples of primary preventive care.

Secondary preventive care is the prevention of disease through screening and early detection. Early recognition of disease...


Cervical Cancer Dental Caries Preventive Care Fecal Occult Blood Testing Tertiary Prevention 
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References and Further Readings

  1. Partnership for Prevention. (2016). Clinical prevention. Retrieved September 4, 2016 from http://www.prevent.org/Publications-and-Resources.aspx
  2. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). Pub. L. No. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119 (2010). Retrieved October 20, 2011 from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ148/pdf/PLAW-111publ148.pdf
  3. Preventive Services – HealthCare.gov Glossary. (2016). HealthCare.gov. Retrieved September 4, 2016, from https://www.healthcare.gov/glossary/preventive-services/
  4. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2016). Recommendations. Retrieved September 4, 2016 from http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Name/recommendations

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Maryland School of NursingBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.University of Maryland Upper Chesapeake Health Comprehensive CARE CenterBel AirUSA